The COVID pandemic has had the world go round, especially the scientists and researchers who are working round the clock to not only find a cure for this virus but to study how it behaves. Here are a few of the latest news. Read on…
A recent study presented at the ECCO22 Virtual Congress of the European Crohns and Colitis Organisation (ECCO) has identified two factors to be significantly associated with a greater risk for developing long Covid symptoms.
The Ulcerative colitis patients who stopped taking the prescribed immunosuppressive drugs because of COVID-19 were 1.5 times at higher risk of experiencing symptoms of long COVID. No association was noted for systemic steroids. Likewise, Crohn’s disease patients who were required to be hospitalized for severe Covid had a greater probability of developing long COVID with an odds ratio of 2.76.
Attauabi et al included patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with lab-confirmed COVID-19 in this study that was done from January 28, 2020 to April 1, 2021 from the population-based Danish IBD-COVID registry. The study group comprised 319 patients with ulcerative colitis and 197 patients with Crohn’s disease. The final analysis of post-Covid symptoms at 5.1 months included 85 people with CD and 137 with UC.
It shows that an almost equal number of patients in both groups reported a continuation of COVID symptoms after three months of the acute infection; UC 42.3% vs CD 45.9%. The most commonly occurring symptom in the post-acute COVID period was fatigue, which was reported by 36.5% of patients with CD and 35.8% with UC.
The other frequent symptoms were anosmia reported by 27% of those with UC and 29.4% with Crohn’s disease and ageusia, which was reported by 28.2% of Crohn’s disease patients and 19% of those with ulcerative colitis. Other symptoms included headache (UC 13.9% vs CD 18.8%), dyspnea (UC 13.9% vs CD 18.8%) and arthralgia (UC 12.4% vs CD 16.5%).
This study has identified the long-term sequelae of Covid-19 in patients with IBD and highlights the need to closely monitor these patients to detect and manage symptoms of long COVID.
Yet another study says that the highly transmissible Omicron BA.2 sub-variant does not seem to cause significantly more severe disease compared to the original version, suggests a South African study.
Patients infected with the BA.2 sub-variant appeared to have similar rates of severe disease and hospitalization as those seen with the original Omicron strain, revealed researchers from the National Institute for Communicable Diseases. They looked at data from a large hospital group and the government laboratory service. The study suggested that similar to the original version, BA.2 is comparatively milder than the earlier dominant strains, such as Delta.
Among 95,470 infections evaluated by the national laboratory, 3.6% of those infected with BA.2 were hospitalized, in comparison with 3.4% of those infected with the original strain. Among 3,058 hospitalised patients, 30.5% of those having BA.2 sub-variant infection developed severe disease, compared to 33.5% of those with the original Omicron strain.
Meanwhile, the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetic profile of molnupiravir have been described in a recently published article. An unprecedented collaboration between the sponsor, contract research organization (CRO) and regulatory authorities allowed an accelerated generation of this phase I data, including administration of the first-in-human (FIH) dose of molnupiravir within 5 days of acquiring approval from the Research Ethics Committee (REC) and the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) in the United Kingdom (UK).
With standard industry timelines, the FIH study would have been completed in approximately 46 weeks and 33 weeks would have been needed to allow Phase 2 dosing. Submission of a Phase 2/3 clinical trial protocol to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was done within 8 weeks of initial protocol submission, and FDA comments permitted phase 2 study initiation within 2 additional weeks.
In global pandemic scenarios, this model of collaboration permits the accelerated generation of clinical data than standard processes, without compromising safety.
Disclaimer: The focus of this article is for information purpose only.
5 Tips to Motivate Students For Ongoing Board Exams
Exams are one of the important milestones in a student’s life. Students need motivation for board exams to pump their confidence and vanish exam fear.
Lakhs of students are appearing for class X and XII Board exams in India every year. These exams are one of the most important milestones in a student’s academic life. Along with this students needs board exam motivation to pump their confidence and vanish the exam fear. This is why the stress caused during these exams is best addressed than avoided.
The urge to pass these exams with a good percentage can sometimes impact the mental health of the students. They might end up worrying about the exam when they should be focusing all their efforts on revisions.
Exam stress can reduce their self-confidence levels, leading to poor performance and outcomes. Hence, it is very crucial for teachers to boost the morale of the students.
Here is what a teacher has come up with some key tips to motivate the students right before exams:
Understand Students’ Interests
It is a good practice for teachers to know the strengths and weaknesses of the students. Teachers can know their students better by conducting unique sessions centred around “get to know you” discussions. These kinds of sessions can be held on a monthly basis. Activities like clubbing students with similar interests into groups, and assigning writing or speaking tasks can help in increasing students’ enthusiasm for the subject.
Important To Give Feedback
One-to-one mentoring can be of great help for students to gear up before the exams. This can be an opportunity for the students to clarify all their individual doubts and understand the concepts better. They could also open up about the challenges in studies during these interactions. By providing personalised feedback, teachers can better understand each student’s capability. However, the onus remains on the teachers to encourage the young learners to speak during personal mentoring sessions.
Encourage Collaboration and Competition
Be in touch with students. Teachers should encourage the idea of collaboration and competition by pairing up students. They should be encouraged to justify their ideas or articulate an answer while working in pairs. This fosters peer correction and effective analysis of their own progression. Teachers can promote teamwork and this will help the students to learn from each other. Such activities will also expose them to a diverse set of ideas.
Schedule Regular Breaks
Exhaustion remains one of the biggest reasons for students’ demotivation right before any exam. The ability to think rationally is impaired on a greater scale when a person is tired and studies for long hours without taking timely breaks. It is advisable to have regular breaks during study sessions to strike the right balance between studies and recreation. Hence, teachers should help students prepare study timetables which have regular intervals in between.
Exercise a Little
Stress can be a major contributor to underperformance during exams. It is a proven fact that regular exercise keeps both the mind and body healthy. Practising simpler exercises like meditation or yoga can make the students’ minds feel more relaxed. This will help them to stay composed and concentrate better.
Keeping students’ board exam motivation peaked during Board exams is of utmost paramount. It is easy to motivate them if they have achievable goals, take regular breaks, revise concepts in advance and perform exercises.
6 indoor plants and their upkeep
While almost all green plants can be kept indoors, some plants need more attention than others. Here best indoor plants for home in India.
While almost all green plants can be kept indoors, some plants need more attention than others which can be cumbersome if you have a busy schedule. But that doesn’t mean you can’t surround yourself with greenery. Let’s look at some best indoor plants for a home in India.
Rubber tree plant
It is fairly easy to maintain but is fussy when it comes to the amount of water it needs. Here is what you need to know if you have this plant. Rubber plants are rainforest specimens. While they need consistent moistness, they don’t want it to be soggy. Ensure that the pot the plant is in has adequate draining holes.
Use a dish under the pot lined with pebbles to catch extra water. This will keep the roots from sitting in water but provide the humidity as the water evaporates.
Its beautifully patterned leaves can brighten any space. Now that the rains are here in full force, it is important to ensure that you take care of all your plants. Overwatering can lead to root rot. An important thing to keep in mind is that the pot is well-drained. There is moisture in the air, overwatering will harm the plant. Croton also needs at least six to seven hours of sunshine but excess heat will damage its leaves. Try and keep the plant either East or West facing to make sure that the leaves don’t lose their colour.
It looks pretty and while it may look like it is an easy plant to look after, it is not the case. Like any other plant, this plant too will rot and its leaves will turn brown if you overwater them. Before you water it, check the soil. If it is moist, don’t water it. Make sure that the soil is loose and is kept in a well-drained pot. The plant grows in bright light but it is away from direct sunlight. It is a beautiful plan that can be kept inside the home; potting it in a hanging basket is an excellent way to enjoy the beauty of this plant.
The delicate curled leaves that unfurl into long, lacy fronds look pretty. Go into the forest and you will find ferns carpeting the floor. They also make a great houseplant. They can grow in any kind of pot — clay to hanging baskets to ceramic and don’t require full sun to thrive.
But Indian weather is different. A plant that may live happily in any other environment needs a lot of care here. They love moisture. During the rainy season make sure you don’t overwater the plant or the roots will rot. You can even spray water on the leaves to lock the moisture in. You can keep this plant in the bathroom or even the kitchen.
One of the most important things to keep in mind if you have a green aralia is that it has to be kept away from cold drafts and windows during the winter months to ensure that it thrives. It needs a feed once every other month during the spring. During the summer months, the plant needs liquid fertiliser. However, be careful if you buy this plant; it is mildly toxic to humans and pets. Ingestion can lead to gastrointestinal irritation, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
They are best as landscape plants. While watering aralia which is indoors, deep water is only when the soil is nearly dry. One of the most important things to keep in mind if you have a green aralia is that it has to be kept away from cold drafts and windows during the winter months to ensure that it thrives.
It is not always possible to ensure that the plant that you bring is going to live. Hence, it is important to take care of it properly. Let’s take the pitcher plant. So how does one take care of it if one wants to keep it indoors even if it is a carnivorous plant?
Depending on the species, some require full sunlight and those that originate in the floor of the rainforest may need filtered light. It requires moist soil, and keeps the potting soil moist, but not soggy. Allow the pot to drain thoroughly after watering and never let the pot stand in water or the roots will rot.
Mother’s Day 2022: Significance, history, and importance
Being a mother is a full-time job and gets no appreciation-one day where their worth is truly appreciated. Here’swhy we celebrate mothers day.
Most of us know that Mother’s Day is celebrated every second Sunday in May. But did you know why we celebrate mothers day? The whole idea behind Mother’s Day is to honour the mother of the family, to celebrate motherhood, maternal bonds, and the important role that they play in shaping society.
Why we celebrate mothers day?
It is said that the need to celebrate this day arose in the 1900s. Back then a daughter – Anna Jarvis, daughter of Ann Reeves Jarvis – to honour the sacrifices made by the mothers made for their children started this holiday.
It is said that Jarvis organized the first Mother’s Day service of worship and celebration at Andrews Methodist Episcopal Church in Grafton, West Virginia, the US which serves as the International Mother’s Day Shrine today.
Did you also know that different countries celebrate this day in different months? Some countries celebrate this day in March. Mother’s Day in Egypt is celebrated on March 21, the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere. In Georgia Mother’s Day is celebrated on March 3.
In some countries, the date is adopted to signify religion, like Virgin Mary Day in Catholic countries. Other countries selected a date with historical significance. For example, Bolivia’s Mother’s Day is a fixed date, commemorating a battle in which women participated to defend their children. Or in Russia where it is celebrated as International Women’s Day instead of Mother’s Day.
In India, the concept of celebrating Mother’s Day is new. This could be because we have traditionally been respectful of our mothers and have been revering them for generations.
We didn’t need to set a single day aside for them. But then, we (Indians) tend to ape the West and what the West does needs to be done back home.
Irrespective of how and when Mother’s Day is celebrated worldwide, children go out of their way to make this a special day for their mother. Lunches, treats and gifts are part and parcel of this day’s celebration.
What can you do? Here are some mothers day 2022 gift ideas
For the foodie mom
If your mother is a foodie a last-minute gift can be a meal subscription box that speaks to your mom’s interests. The subscription boxes are becoming popular across India as they select the finest and latest products every month and ship them across to their clients.
As a gift, you can opt for ingredients, or complete meals, including gourmet food and global cuisine. Innovative subscription boxes share recipes and exquisitely packaged boxes that can be used as a collector’s item.
If your mother is all about fitness
If your mom has been looking to shed some weight, a gym membership is a great gift! There are several gyms in each city that offer membership. This would help your mother work.
If your mother is all about looking good
A woman’s body goes through many changes, and protein is quintessential to cope with it. One can gift herbal products to the mother for that perfect skin that will keep her young at heart forever!
5 Tips to Motivate Students For Ongoing Board Exams
Exams are one of the important milestones in a student’s life. Students need motivation for board exams to pump their...
6 indoor plants and their upkeep
While almost all green plants can be kept indoors, some plants need more attention than others. Here best indoor plants...
Mother’s Day 2022: Significance, history, and importance
Being a mother is a full-time job and gets no appreciation-one day where their worth is truly appreciated. Here’swhy we...
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