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Oxygen Crisis- A new pandemic along with second wave of COVID-19

The whole world facing the problem of coronavirus while India not only facing a corona pandemic but also the unavailability of Medical oxygen. A well flourished, highly economical, developing country is now facing the crisis of limited production of medicated oxygen.




The whole world facing the problem of coronavirus while India not only facing a corona pandemic but also the unavailability of Medical oxygen. A well flourished, highly economical, a developing country is now facing the crisis of limited production of medicated oxygen.

What is this crisis all about? Why did this happen? Which area is the hotspot of this crisis? What are the challenges in Oxygen supply?  How to combat the situation?

These many questions arise in everybody’s mind while keeping eyes and ears on the news. Whenever there is news-

“ Oh, that young boy died at the age of 22 because of limited oxygen in lungs”.

“ That woman, who is the only guardian of her daughter, died due to lungs infection”.

“A man died because of unavailable oxygen. He might be saved if he’d one oxygen cylinder. Now what will happen to his family as he was the only source of income”.

These are very few of the lines that we have heard while this whole corona pandemic. Now can we imagine what it would be like in the real world?


Earlier it was like the corona pandemic that was most harmful to young age and for old age. But now as the second wave has been started in India with a lot of high mortality rate and destruction, doesn’t matter the age number. People are just dying. The horrors of India’s second wave of COVID- 19 unfold, with a paucity of crematoriums, hospital beds, a flood of SOS calls, and a terrifying oxygen crisis.

Lockdown is seen in most parts of the country in order to develop distancing and isolation.

As India has limited storage capacity and transportation also takes time, this crisis got bigger and bigger.


The Oxygen crisis during the second Covid surge has been evaporated by the shortage of tankers and the daunting logistics of transportation from distant locations- not by a dearth of Liquid Medical Oxygen (LMO), which is available in sufficient quantity.

According to Prime Ministers Office,” The domestic production of LMO is expected to cross 9,250 MT per day by the end of April”.

It has emerged that a forum of scientific advisers, the Indian SARS- CoV-2 Genetics Consortium (INSACOG), set up by the government itself had warned Indian officials in early March of a new and more contagious variant of coronavirus. Further, the scientists have said that the government had gone on to ignore the warnings.


Hospitals from different states of the country including Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, and Haryana are facing a shortage of Oxygen. While some have to refuse to admit patients whether it be limited beds or oxygen.

As of 21 April, 1.75% of the patients were in ICU beds, 0.40% were on ventilators, 4.03% were occupying oxygen beds.  The total active cases have now risen to 20,31,977  with the mortality rate  219k.

Maharashtra’s consumption of medical oxygen has utilized the state’s full production capacity of 1250 tonnes. The state has 6.38 lakh active cases and about 60k to 70k are on the death beds.


Industry experts said that India has the capacity to produce more than 7,000 MT of medical oxygen. Inox, the largest producer, produces 2,000 tonnes per day and in such a crisis, they have diverted all resources to Oxygen production.

Manufacturers prepare liquid oxygen with 99.5% purity, which is stored in giant tankers, which are then transported to distributors in cryogenic tankers at a specified temperature.

India doesn’t have enough cryogenic tankers, jumbo cylinders, and dura cylinders. And as Oxygen is being transported from one state to another, the travel time from manufacturer to patient’s bed has increased to 5 to 8 days. More the remote location, the longer the time taken to supply.

At the distributor level, a process of regasification is followed to convert the oxygen into gaseous form and fill it in jumbo cylinders. One jumbo cylinder contains 7 thousand litres of oxygen.

Patients, inhaling as high as eight to 10 litres of oxygen per minute, a jumbo cylinder can get exhausted in an hour or two.


Apart from specialized manufacturers such as Kolkata- based Linde India, National Oxygen Limited, and Mumbai- based Inox Air, which produce liquid oxygen for medical and industrial use, the steel industry and oil refineries contribute significantly with their captive plants.

Empty tankers are transported by IAF Cryogenic tankers, which store medical oxygen at -185°C, have double-skin vacuum-insulated containers, including an inner vessel made of stainless steel. The space between the inner and outer vessels is filled with insulant.

Governmental actions:

Though very limited help is seen by Government in such a crisis, still there were some steps that helped patients. The government had created a group to discuss and act on the situation. This group made plans to identify 100 hospitals in remote areas where the health infrastructure is weaker, to install Pressure Swing Absorption (PSA) plants.

This will help in manufacturing own Oxygen and make the hospitals self-reliant. Also, the transportation costs will be deducted and delays of Oxygen supply prevented.

In October 2020, the government had planned to install PSA Oxygen units in 150 district hospitals. The total cost of the plan is Rs. 201 crores and yet the government is far from achieving its target.

External support-

Many countries like Australia, United Kingdom, U.S.A., Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, and even China and 33 more countries are trying to help our Country by providing Oxygen cylinders.

Domestic help is also served. There are so many NGOs and self-help groups Volunteers who are helping people in hospitals to provide free oxygen cylinders.

And not only common people but celebrities like Sonu Sood and others are trying their power from head to toe to help patients, hospitals, and doctors by trying to provide free and fast oxygen cylinders.

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5 Tips to Motivate Students For Ongoing Board Exams

Exams are one of the important milestones in a student’s life. Students need motivation for board exams to pump their confidence and vanish exam fear.



motivation for board exam

Lakhs of students are appearing for class X and XII Board exams in India every year. These exams are one of the most important milestones in a student’s academic life. Along with this students needs motivation for board exams to pump their confidence and vanish the exam fear. This is why the stress caused during these exams is best addressed than avoided.

The urge to pass these exams with a good percentage can sometimes impact the mental health of the students. They might end up worrying about the exam when they should be focusing all their efforts on revisions.

Exam stress can reduce their self-confidence levels, leading to poor performance and outcomes. Hence, it is very crucial for teachers to boost the morale of the students.

Here is what a teacher has come up with some key tips to motivate the  students right before exams:

Understand Students’ Interests

It is a good practice for teachers to know the strengths and weaknesses of the students. Teachers can know their students better by conducting unique sessions centred around “get to know you” discussions. These kinds of sessions can be held on a monthly basis. Activities like clubbing students with similar interests into groups, and assigning writing or speaking tasks can help in increasing students’ enthusiasm for the subject.

Important To Give Feedback

One-to-one mentoring can be of great help for students to gear up before the exams. This can be an opportunity for the students to clarify all their individual doubts and understand the concepts better. They could also open up about the challenges in studies during these interactions. By providing personalised feedback, teachers can better understand each student’s capability. However, the onus remains on the teachers to encourage the young learners to speak during personal mentoring sessions.

Encourage Collaboration and Competition

Be in touch with students. Teachers should encourage the idea of collaboration and competition by pairing up students. They should be encouraged to justify their ideas or articulate an answer while working in pairs. This fosters peer correction and effective analysis of their own progression. Teachers can promote teamwork and this will help the students to learn from each other. Such activities will also expose them to a diverse set of ideas.

Schedule Regular Breaks

Exhaustion remains one of the biggest reasons for students’ demotivation right before any exam. The ability to think rationally is impaired on a greater scale when a person is tired and studies for long hours without taking timely breaks. It is advisable to have regular breaks during study sessions to strike the right balance between studies and recreation. Hence, teachers should help students prepare study timetables which have regular intervals in between.

Exercise a Little

Stress can be a major contributor to underperformance during exams. It is a proven fact that regular exercise keeps both the mind and body healthy. Practising simpler exercises like meditation or yoga can make the students’ mind feel more relaxed. This will help them to stay composed and concentrate better.

Keeping students’ motivation for board exam peaked during Board exams is of utmost paramount. It is easy to motivate them if they have achievable goals, take regular breaks, revise concepts in advance and perform exercises.

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6 indoor plants and their upkeep

While almost all green plants can be kept indoors, some plants need more attention than others. Here best indoor plants for home in India.



best indoor plants for home in india
Source: @Safer Brand

While almost all green plants can be kept indoors, some plants need more attention than others which can be cumbersome if you have a busy schedule. But that doesn’t mean you can’t surround yourself with greenery. Let’s look at some best indoor plants for a home in India.

Rubber tree plant

It is fairly easy to maintain but is fussy when it comes to the amount of water it needs. Here is what you need to know if you have this plant. Rubber plants are rainforest specimens. While they need consistent moistness, they don’t want it to be soggy. Ensure that the pot the plant is in has adequate draining holes.

Use a dish under the pot lined with pebbles to catch extra water. This will keep the roots from sitting in water but provide the humidity as the water evaporates.

Croton plant

Its beautifully patterned leaves can brighten any space. Now that the rains are here in full force, it is important to ensure that you take care of all your plants. Overwatering can lead to root rot. An important thing to keep in mind is that the pot is well-drained. There is moisture in the air, overwatering will harm the plant. Croton also needs at least six to seven hours of sunshine but excess heat will damage its leaves. Try and keep the plant either East or West facing to make sure that the leaves don’t lose their colour.

English Ivy

It looks pretty and while it may look like it is an easy plant to look after, it is not the case. Like any other plant, this plant too will rot and its leaves will turn brown if you overwater them. Before you water it, check the soil. If it is moist, don’t water it. Make sure that the soil is loose and is kept in a well-drained pot. The plant grows in bright light but it is away from direct sunlight. It is a beautiful plan that can be kept inside the home; potting it in a hanging basket is an excellent way to enjoy the beauty of this plant.


The delicate curled leaves that unfurl into long, lacy fronds look pretty. Go into the forest and you will find ferns carpeting the floor. They also make a great houseplant. They can grow in any kind of pot — clay to hanging baskets to ceramic and don’t require full sun to thrive.

But Indian weather is different. A plant that may live happily in any other environment needs a lot of care here. They love moisture. During the rainy season make sure you don’t overwater the plant or the roots will rot. You can even spray water on the leaves to lock the moisture in. You can keep this plant in the bathroom or even the kitchen.

Green Aralia

One of the most important things to keep in mind if you have a green aralia is that it has to be kept away from cold drafts and windows during the winter months to ensure that it thrives. It needs a feed once every other month during the spring. During the summer months, the plant needs liquid fertiliser. However, be careful if you buy this plant; it is mildly toxic to humans and pets. Ingestion can lead to gastrointestinal irritation, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.

They are best as landscape plants. While watering aralia which is indoors, deep water is only when the soil is nearly dry. One of the most important things to keep in mind if you have a green aralia is that it has to be kept away from cold drafts and windows during the winter months to ensure that it thrives.

Pitcher plant

It is not always possible to ensure that the plant that you bring is going to live. Hence, it is important to take care of it properly. Let’s take the pitcher plant. So how does one take care of it if one wants to keep it indoors even if it is a carnivorous plant?

Depending on the species, some require full sunlight and those that originate in the floor of the rainforest may need filtered light. It requires moist soil, and keeps the potting soil moist, but not soggy. Allow the pot to drain thoroughly after watering and never let the pot stand in water or the roots will rot.

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Mother’s Day 2022: Significance, history, and importance

Being a mother is a full-time job and gets no appreciation-one day where their worth is truly appreciated. Here’swhy we celebrate mothers day.



why we celebrate mothers day
Source: @TOI

Most of us know that Mother’s Day is celebrated every second Sunday in May. But did you know why we celebrate mothers day? The whole idea behind Mother’s Day is to honour the mother of the family, to celebrate motherhood, maternal bonds, and the important role that they play in shaping society.

Why we celebrate mothers day?

It is said that the need to celebrate this day arose in the 1900s. Back then a daughter – Anna Jarvis, daughter of Ann Reeves Jarvis – to honour the sacrifices made by the mothers made for their children started this holiday.

It is said that Jarvis organized the first Mother’s Day service of worship and celebration at Andrews Methodist Episcopal Church in Grafton, West Virginia, the US which serves as the International Mother’s Day Shrine today.

Did you also know that different countries celebrate this day in different months? Some countries celebrate this day in March. Mother’s Day in Egypt is celebrated on March 21, the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere. In Georgia Mother’s Day is celebrated on March 3.

In some countries, the date is adopted to signify religion, like Virgin Mary Day in Catholic countries. Other countries selected a date with historical significance. For example, Bolivia’s Mother’s Day is a fixed date, commemorating a battle in which women participated to defend their children. Or in Russia where it is celebrated as International Women’s Day instead of Mother’s Day.

In India, the concept of celebrating Mother’s Day is new. This could be because we have traditionally been respectful of our mothers and have been revering them for generations.

We didn’t need to set a single day aside for them. But then, we (Indians) tend to ape the West and what the West does needs to be done back home.

Irrespective of how and when Mother’s Day is celebrated worldwide, children go out of their way to make this a special day for their mother. Lunches, treats and gifts are part and parcel of this day’s celebration.

What can you do? Here are some mothers day 2022 gift ideas

For the foodie mom

If your mother is a foodie a last-minute gift can be a meal subscription box that speaks to your mom’s interests. The subscription boxes are becoming popular across India as they select the finest and latest products every month and ship them across to their clients.

As a gift, you can opt for ingredients, or complete meals, including gourmet food and global cuisine. Innovative subscription boxes share recipes and exquisitely packaged boxes that can be used as a collector’s item.

If your mother is all about fitness

If your mom has been looking to shed some weight, a gym membership is a great gift! There are several gyms in each city that offer membership. This would help your mother work.

If your mother is all about looking good

A woman’s body goes through many changes, and protein is quintessential to cope with it. One can gift herbal products to the mother for that perfect skin that will keep her young at heart forever!


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Source: @manickamtagore (twitter)